European 4 in 1 Tutorial

These instructions are almost identical to those used in the chain maille classes I teach, so enjoy! These instructions work for anything from a bracelet to a chain maille hauberk (shirt).

European 4 in 1 is the most commonly known and recognized of the chain maille weaves. In these instructions I will show you how to make this popular weave! The rings used in these instructions are 18g (.048″), 3/16″ Inner Diameter, with an Aspect Ratio of 4.1. To visit my etsy shop, go here: metalandmineral.etsy.com . Enjoy!

Step 1: To start this weave, close 4 rings and slip them onto an open ring. Close the ring and arrange the rings as shown.

Step 2: Close two rings and slip them onto an open ring. Pass that ring through the bottom left ring, coming up from underneath, and then down through the bottom right ring and close it. It may be easier if you wait to slip the two closed rings onto the open ring until you’ve slipped it through the two bottom rings.

Step 3: Arrange the rings as shown and repeat step 3 until you reach the desired length. If you do not repeat this step properly you will expand the weave in the wrong direction or create a convoluted mess. Be sure to come UP through the bottom left ring, and DOWN through the bottom right ring when they’re positioned as shown above. Once you have successfully repeated this step, you shouldn’t need to worry about the weave falling apart, as it will become “stable”.

Step 4: To expand the chain in width (can also be considered length depending on how you view it), close two rings and slip them onto an open ring. Pass that ring through the bottom two rings on the left, either by coming DOWN through both rings from above, or UP through both rings from below, and close it. Once again, it may be easier to wait to slip the closed rings onto the open ring until after you have slipped it through the bottom two rings already attached to the weave.

Arrange the rings as shown below.

Step 5: Close ring and slip it onto an open ring. Pass that ring UP through the bottom right ring from below of the previous step and DOWN through the next two rings as shown. Closed ring can be slipped on later as in previously noted steps.

Repeat step until desired length.

You’ve learned how to make European 4 in 1!

*To expand farther in width, repeat steps 4 and 5.

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